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General Elections in Pakistan; History and What’s coming in near future.

30 Apr

 

Islamic Republic of Pakistan Flag

Now a days my fellow men are in a swear fight upon politics, Pakistan is now going to have its ninth general elections in the coming month. Despite the fact that all major parties fully trying their best to take a lead to convince their voters and to be elected in General Election 2013.

 

Before discussing the current scenario, we should look on the previous results to strengthen the knowledge of current parties. First general elections in history of Pakistan since its independence was held in 1970, at that time Pakistan was divided into two parts (East Pakistan & West Pakistan). Awami Leage leader Mr. Shaikh Mujib ur Rehman won the election by winning 160 seats. However, power was never transfer to Awami League Party by President General Yahya Khan, which triggers a massive uprising in East Pakistan. More fire brings to that uprising by Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) leader Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and liberal democratic socialist. The end of that uprising divide Pakistan and West Pakistan become independent as Bangladesh. For the very first time since the birth of Pakistan, Constitution been finalized and Pakistan took a major step to become a Nuclear Power.

 

Second General Elections were took place in 1977 in which Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto party PPP was in lead whereas Awami National Part with its leader Mr. Khan Abdul Wali Khan and there Alliance, National Alliance, was on second place. Election was resulted in out-spoken violence, civil disobedience, and massive protest that were led by Awami National Party and their Alliances. While negotiations were going on between Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Opposition parties, Pakistan Armed Forces were invited to take part in it, which led the dismissal of ruling prime minister and its government in 1977. Gen. Zia ul Haq take charge of the country and decided to contest an election to form a local governing body, though elections were held in 1985 but were the non-partisan election, and bring technocrat government into form which led by the military appointed Prime Minister Mohammad Khan Junejo.

 

Third General Elections were held in 1988, which turns out very peacefully with a turnout of 43.5%. Miss Benazir Bhutto led its father party PPP and on the other side Mr. Nawaz Sharif leading the alliance of parties under name Islāmic Democratic Alliance. Liberal party MQM (Muhajir Qoumi Movement), at that time, boycotts the elections. Election results announce by the ECP and declared PPP as a winner with 94 seats out of 207. In the light of the results, acting president Mr. Ghulam Ishaq Khan invited PPP to form a new government. PPP made alliance with independent leaders and small parties and made government. Benazir Bhutto was elected as a first female Prime Minister of Islāmic Republic of Pakistan on 4 Dec 1988.

 

After almost 2 years, PPP government was charged with corruption, failure of government and other matters, which led it to eventually downfall their government. Fourth general elections were conduct on 24 Oct 1990 in which surprisingly Islāmic Democratic Alliance won and form their government. Nawaz Sharif was elected as a Prime Minister of Pakistan. IDA won 106 seats out of 207 in 1990 elections.

 

Pakistan witnesses its fifth general elections on 6 October 1993. Election took place due to a power struggle between ruling Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and President Ghulam Ishaq Khan. Benazir Bhutto become the Prime Minister for the second time after winning support of minor parties, although Pakistan Muslim League (N) won 73 seats out of 207 but due to support of Minor Parties, PPP won to form its government. Turnout of election for the same period was 40.3%, to held fair elections Pakistan Army deployed 150,000 armed troops during elections.

 

After almost three years, President at that time Farooq Khan Leghari dissolved the National Assembly for alleged corruption and abuse of power on 5 November 1996. Sixth General Elections were held on 3 February 1997. Nawaz Sharif was benefit and aided by the assassination of Murtaza Bhutto that turned out to be a great victory for PML (N). Since 1977 Elections PML (N) won by the largest margin and won 155 seats out of 207, PPP was behind with 18 seats.

 

Seventh General Elections were held on 10 October 2002 in Pakistan. Previously, General Pervez Musharraf dissolves the assembly on ongoing dispute with Nawaz Sharif on Kargil War in 1999. Once the assembly was dissolve, Supreme Court made General Pervez Musharraf supreme leader of Islāmic Republic of Pakistan. For the first time in Pakistan Elections were held between multi-parties instead of two parties. PML (N) was dissolved into number of parties, PML (Q) become one big party of the country. Around 70 parties take part into these elections and Pakistan came back on democratic track. With 126 seats PML (Q) become the winner in General Elections of 2002, Pakistan People’s Party Parliamentarian was on second number with 81 seats. Turnout for the general elections were 41.80%. Mir Zafar ullah Khan Jamli become the Prime Minister of Pakistan and made government.

 

General Elections of 2008, eighth elections of Islāmic Republic of Pakistan were being delay due to the assassination of Benazir Bhutto. Election conducted on 18 February 2008 in which PML (N), PPP, PML (Q), MQM (Now Muttahida Qaumi Movement) and MMA (Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal) participate in the elections whereas, PTI (Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf) and JI (Jaamat-e-Islami) boycott the elections. This time parties started out their campaign for 337 National Assembly Seats instead of 207, which includes 169 seats of Minorities. Voter turnout was 35,170,435 people (44%), anti-Musharraf Party PPP won the elections with 124 seats leaving behind PML (N) with 91 seats, and Musharraf-Pro party PML (Q) takes the third spot with 54 seats. Pervez Musharraf acknowledge that elections were held in free and fair environment and pledge to work with new government.

 

Now, as Pakistan is about to witness its ninth General Elections on 11 May 2013, people are more interested to decide the fate of Pakistan with the help of democracy. This time, PPP, PML (N), PML (Q), JUI, JI, PTI, ANP and MQM are participating and ready to contest in the elections. Every party is in the favour to conduct Elections on time.

 

Recent years, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) become one famous party with a slogan Naya Pakistan (New Pakistan), since its formation in early 1996 party gain its popularity under the former Pakistan Cricket Team Captian Imran Khan and made him one of the famous leader. On the other PML (N) is very active out of the other parties. Nawaz Sharif and Shahbaz Sharif are in full run to gain maximum voters.

 

For the very first time in the history, Islāmic Republic of Pakistan made a mark by making it possible for any democratic government to complete its five-year tenure. Previously the maximum time for any democratic government was almost 3 years. This 5 years tenure give vein and pain to the nation only, corruption was on top and that led Pakistan to be declared the second most corrupted country of the world. Government in previous 5 years did nothing to stop drone attacks on KPK (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) in the name of war against terrorism, massive bomb blasting’s in KPK, Sindh and Balochistan and target killings in those areas puts bad effects not only on the people of Pakistan but also affect the economy. Majority of the business in Karachi shifted to Punjab or outside Pakistan, which brings up a lot more unemployment. All the said issues deprived the nation and put them on the edge of a nervous breakdown, yet still people have hope that these elections may bring a huge change in the country and thus change the fate of country.

Now almost 10 days remaining, campaigns are on their peak, and parties are trying hard to convince their voters to vote for them. On the other hands, terrorists are on the go to postpone the elections by blasting bombs and attacking politicians in different region of the country. Let see what change these elections can bring to us and who could be the supreme ruler of the country for the next five-years. At the end it’s a pray to All Mighty, that He may do good for Pakistan and made those the ruler who did good for the sovereignty, development and betterment.

 

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Posted by on April 30, 2013 in Politicis

 

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